Intro to arduino
- Arduino Uno: This is one of the most popular and widely used Arduino boards. It is great for beginners and comes with a variety of input and output pins, making it suitable for a wide range of projects.
- Arduino Mega: The Arduino Mega offers more digital and analog input/output pins compared to the Uno. This makes it suitable for larger and more complex projects.
- Arduino Nano: The Nano is a compact version of the Uno, making it suitable for projects with space constraints. It has similar capabilities but in a smaller form factor.
- Arduino Leonardo: The Leonardo is unique because it has built-in USB capabilities. It can act as a keyboard or mouse, making it suitable for projects that require human interface devices.
- Arduino Due: The Due is a powerful board with a 32-bit ARM microcontroller. It is ideal for more computationally intensive projects and applications that require high performance.
- Arduino Pro Mini: Similar to the Nano, the Pro Mini is a compact board designed for embedded applications. It lacks a USB interface, so an external adapter is needed for programming.
- Arduino Lilypad: The Lilypad is designed for wearable electronics and e-textile projects. It's sewable and can be integrated into clothing and textiles.
- Arduino Yun: The Yun combines the power of an Arduino with a small Linux-based computer. It's great for IoT (Internet of Things) projects and applications that require web connectivity.
- Arduino MKR Series: The MKR series includes various boards designed for IoT applications. These boards are compact and offer connectivity options like Wi-Fi and cellular.
- Arduino Pro Micro: The Pro Micro is a small board with a micro USB port. It's often used for small, low-power projects.
- Arduino Zero: The Zero is based on the Atmel SAMD21 microcontroller and is designed for applications that require more processing power.
we will learn about the different components on the Arduino board. We will study the Arduino UNO board because it is the most popular board in the Arduino board family. In addition, it is the best board to get started with electronics and coding. Some boards look a bit different from the one given below, but most Arduinos have majority of these components in common.